In the 19th century, as a result of treaties (known as "truces" which gave the coast its name) entered into between Great Britain and the sheikhs of the Arab States of the Persian Gulf, Britain became the predominant influence in the area.
The main purpose of British interest was to protect the trade route to India from pirates, hence the earlier name for the area, the "Pirate Coast".
The first word of Abu Dhabi is pronounced "Bu" by inhabitants on the city's western coast.
In the eastern part of the city, the pronunciation is "Abu".
Abu Dhabi accounts for about two-thirds of the roughly 0-billion United Arab Emirates economy.
Abu Dhabi is full of archeological evidence that points to civilizations, such as the Umm an-Nar Culture, having been located there from the third millennium BCE.
In the 1930s, as the pearl trade declined, interest grew in the oil possibilities of the region.
On 5 January 1936, Petroleum Development (Trucial Coast) Ltd (PDTC), an associate company of the Iraq Petroleum Company, entered into a concession agreement with the ruler, Sheikh Shakhbut bin Sultan al Nahyan, to explore for oil.
This location is very strategic because it is the UAE’s second tallest mountain, so it would have great visibility.
It also contains a lot of moisture in its springs and lakes, which means that there would have been more moisture thousands of years ago. Meaning "Father of the Gazelle", when literally translated from Arabic, it probably referred to the few gazelles that inhabit the emirate.
is the capital and the second most populous city of the United Arab Emirates (the most populous being Dubai), and also capital of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, the largest of the UAE's seven emirates.
Abu Dhabi lies on a T-shaped island jutting into the Persian Gulf from the central western coast.
Some Bedouins called the city Umm Dhabi (mother of deer), while British records refer to the place as Abu Dhabi.